What is a mortgage loan?
Are there different types of mortgages?
What kinds of loans are available to home buyers?
What can I do to prepare for a home loan application?
While the ideal situation would allow for you to save a large amount of cash for a large down payment, that isn’t always possible. Save what money you can, but aside from that, you can begin getting your affairs in order so as to prove who you are, that you are employed, and that you have sufficient cash to close.
We have a great checklist of things to gather before you apply for a home loan here: Loan Checklist.
What is the debt-to-income ratio?
There are many things we take into consideration when evaluating a loan application. One main determining factor is your debt-to-income ratio. The debt-to-income ratio is exactly what it sounds like: it’s the amount of debt you have compared to your income. For example, say you and your partner make $7,000 a month before taxes (your gross income), but you have student loans, a credit card payment, and a car loan that equates to $1,000. That makes your current debt-to-income ratio would be 14.
In general, you’d like to keep this number as low as possible. Your lender will show you what you can afford based on your debt-to-income ratio. Some lenders are stricter on where they’d like to see your DTI ratio. Some programs also allow for higher DTI, like the VA and FHA loan programs.
The DTI is something we can help you calculate. Depending on your situation, you may need to pay off a loan or consolidate debt* in order to lower your DTI before you can purchase a home. These are all things we can help you with, so give us a call!
*American Pacific Mortgage does not guarantee that your debts will be lowered by a specific amount or percentage or that you will be debt-free within a specific period of time. A debt consolidation may increase your monthly cash flow, but may increase the amount of your debt over a period of time by including the additional debt in your mortgage amount, which is financed over a longer period of time than the debt consolidated may have been financed. We encourage all consumers to do their own research and examine their options carefully before selecting a particular course of action.
What do I need to qualify for a loan?
There are many items to check off the list in order to qualify for a loan, including having sufficient funds, a job, and a good-to-excellent credit score. From there, we would go through the loan process, which we’ve laid out here: Loan Process.
What happens when I find a house I want to buy?
Either way, a preapproval is normally good for at least 30 days. After 60 days, your credit report, employment verification, and asset verification will need to be done again. In markets where homes are selling fast, you’ll need to make decisions and offer quickly, so get your preapproval done as soon as you’re serious about buying a home.
What happens after I put in an offer on a home?
What are some things I shouldn’t do when waiting for a house loan to close?
- Open a credit card.
- Buy a new car.
- Change jobs, or quit your job.
- Spend all of your savings.
If you have a desire to do any of those things, wait until after your loan closes.
What happens after the loan is closed?
There are three steps in the closing process:
- Going to signing, where those who are purchasing the home and the sellers sign all of the documents.
- Those are sent back to the lender, who then agrees that it’s good to go and funding is approved.
- Your loan records with the county/state.
Funding is the actual act of the lender wiring the loan amount funds to the title company, who will then release the funds to the seller. Once this happens, the purchase will be recorded with the county. Once that is done, the buyer receives the keys.